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November 20, 2017
TIME AND SPACE
What is the computational power of the universe?



Washington DC (SPX) Nov 20, 2017
Can a close look at the universe give us solutions to problems too difficult for a computer - even if we built a computer larger than a planet? Physicist Stephen Jordan reflects on this question in a new video by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), along with a new scientific paper that considers one particular tough problem the universe might answer. In The Computational Power of the Universe, Jordan does not imagine what we could learn if humanity somehow converted the ent ... read more

EXO WORLDS
Lava or Not, Exoplanet 55 Cancri e Likely to have Atmosphere
Pasadena CA (JPL) Nov 20, 2017
Twice as big as Earth, the super-Earth 55 Cancri e was thought to have lava flows on its surface. The planet is so close to its star, the same side of the planet always faces the star, such that the ... more
STELLAR CHEMISTRY
Hunt for dark matter is narrowed by new University of Sussex research
Sussex UK (SPX) Nov 20, 2017
Scientists at the University of Sussex have disproved the existence of a specific type of axion - an important candidate 'dark matter' particle - across a wide range of its possible masses. Th ... more
STELLAR CHEMISTRY
The anatomy of a cosmic snake reveals the structure of distant galaxies
Geneva, Switzerland (SPX) Nov 20, 2017
We have a fair understanding of the fundamental mechanisms that regulate star formation in galaxies, from the interstellar matter to the diffuse clouds distributed in space, whose gravitational cont ... more
SOLAR SCIENCE
NASA detects solar flare pulses at Sun and Earth
Greenbelt MD (SPX) Nov 20, 2017
When our Sun erupts with giant explosions - such as bursts of radiation called solar flares - we know they can affect space throughout the solar system as well as near Earth. But monitoring their ef ... more
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Space News from SpaceDaily.com

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The Humans to Mars Summit 2018 - George Washington University - Washington May 8-10, 2018
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International SMR and Advanced Reactor Summit 2018 - March 27-28 - Atlanta USA
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TECH SPACE
UW researchers ready for era of "big data" astronomy
Seattle WA (SPX) Nov 20, 2017
The first astronomers had a limited toolkit: their eyes. They could only observe those stars, planets and celestial events bright enough to pick up unassisted. But today's astronomers use increasing ... more
EXO WORLDS
Images of strange solar system visitor peel away some of the mystery
Madison WI (SPX) Nov 17, 2017
A strange visitor, either asteroid or comet, zipping through our solar system at a high rate of speed is giving astronomers a once-in-a-generation opportunity to examine up close an object from some ... more
TIME AND SPACE
HAWC collaboration sheds light on origin of anti-matter
Washington DC (SPX) Nov 17, 2017
A mountaintop observatory about four hours east of Mexico City, built and operated by an international team of scientists, has captured the first wide-angle view of gamma rays emanating from two rap ... more
SOLAR SCIENCE
FIREBIRD II and NASA mission locate whistling space electrons' origins
Greenbelt MD (SPX) Nov 16, 2017
Scientists have long known that solar-energized particles trapped around the planet are sometimes scattered into Earth's upper atmosphere where they can contribute to beautiful auroral displays. ... more
EXO WORLDS
Our Living Planet Shapes the Search for Life Beyond Earth
Pasadena CA (JPL) Nov 16, 2017
As a young scientist, Tony del Genio of NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies in New York City met Clyde Tombaugh, the discoverer of Pluto. "I thought, 'Wow, this is a one-time opportunit ... more
EXO WORLDS
Closest temperate world orbiting quiet star discovered
Paris (ESA) Nov 15, 2017
A temperate Earth-sized planet has been discovered only 11 light-years from the Solar System by a team using ESO's unique planet-hunting HARPS instrument. The new world has the designation Ross 128 ... more


Neutron star with strong magnetic field may still launch jets

STELLAR CHEMISTRY
How physicists turned Antarctica into particle detector
Moscow (Sputnik) Nov 16, 2017
Alexander Novikov, senior researcher at the National Research Nuclear University MEPhI, explained to RIA Novosti why Russian researchers and their colleagues at NASA travel to Antarctica every year ... more
MOON DAILY
Russia tests new spaceship set to deliver people, cargo to moon
Moscow (Sputnik) Nov 15, 2017
Russia has successfully tested a simulator of the spaceship, with the objective of reaching the moon. The experiment's goal was to create conditions similar to those encountered by a mixed crew duri ... more
EXO WORLDS
NASA plans mission to study why planets lose their atmospheres
Greenbelt MD (SPX) Nov 15, 2017
A team of NASA scientists want to use Earth as a laboratory to understand how planets lose their atmospheres and has proposed a mission that the agency recently selected as one of five for further c ... more
STELLAR CHEMISTRY
Contracting white dwarf observed for the first time
Moscow, Russia (SPX) Nov 15, 2017
Astrophysicists from MSU (Russia) and his colleagues from Italy and Russian Academy of Sciences have found the first observational evidence for a contracting white dwarf. Constant high spin-up rate ... more



Pluto's hydrocarbon haze keeps dwarf planet colder than expected
Santa Cruz CA (SPX) Nov 16, 2017
The gas composition of a planet's atmosphere generally determines how much heat gets trapped in the atmosphere. For the dwarf planet Pluto, however, the predicted temperature based on the composition of its atmosphere was much higher than actual measurements taken by NASA's New Horizons spacecraft in 2015. A new study published November 16 in Nature proposes a novel cooling mechanism contr ... more
Washington DC (SPX) Nov 13, 2017
Jupiter's Stunning Southern Hemisphere
Boston MA (SPX) Nov 07, 2017
Watching Jupiter's multiple pulsating X-ray Aurora
Mountain View CA (SPX) Nov 07, 2017
Help Nickname New Horizons' Next Flyby Target
Our Living Planet Shapes the Search for Life Beyond Earth
Pasadena CA (JPL) Nov 16, 2017
As a young scientist, Tony del Genio of NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies in New York City met Clyde Tombaugh, the discoverer of Pluto. "I thought, 'Wow, this is a one-time opportunity,'" del Genio said. "I'll never meet anyone else who found a planet." That prediction was spectacularly wrong. In 1992, two scientists discovered the first planet around another star, or exopla ... more
Madison WI (SPX) Nov 17, 2017
Images of strange solar system visitor peel away some of the mystery
Greenbelt MD (SPX) Nov 15, 2017
NASA plans mission to study why planets lose their atmospheres
Pasadena CA (JPL) Nov 20, 2017
Lava or Not, Exoplanet 55 Cancri e Likely to have Atmosphere
NASA Selects Instrument for Future International Mission to Martian Moons
Washington DC (SPX) Nov 17, 2017
NASA has selected a science instrument for an upcoming Japan-led sample return mission to the moons of Mars planned for launch in 2024. The instrument, a sophisticated neutron and gamma-ray spectrograph, will help scientists resolve one of the most enduring mysteries of the Red Planet - when and how the small moons formed. The Mars Moons eXploration (MMX) mission is in development by the J ... more
Paris (ESA) Nov 16, 2017
Fracture swarms on Mars driven by ancient tectonics
Pasadena CA (JPL) Nov 15, 2017
Mars 2020 Mission performs first supersonic parachute test
Mountain View CA (SPX) Nov 15, 2017
New partnership on Mars drone applications research
Russia tests new spaceship set to deliver people, cargo to moon
Moscow (Sputnik) Nov 15, 2017
Russia has successfully tested a simulator of the spaceship, with the objective of reaching the moon. The experiment's goal was to create conditions similar to those encountered by a mixed crew during a long autonomous interplanetary flight. Three of the six crew members of the SIRIUS project (an experiment simulating a flight to the moon) successfully carried out the first tests of the si ... more
Greenbelt MD (SPX) Nov 10, 2017
NASA Team Studies CubeSat Mission to Measure Water on the Moon
Bristol UK (The Conversation) Nov 10, 2017
China and the US are both shooting for the moon
Moscow (AFP) Nov 7, 2017
Russia locks up six for Moon flight simulation
Neutron star with strong magnetic field may still launch jets
Amsterdam, Netherlands (SPX) Nov 16, 2017
An international team of astronomers led by the University of Amsterdam (The Netherlands) suspects that neutron stars with a strong magnetic field can still launch so-called jets. Since the 1980s, it was thought that strong magnetic fields inhibit the formation of these plasma streams. But observations with more advanced telescopes indicate jet-like radiation. The astronomers publish their findi ... more
Greenbelt MD (SPX) Nov 15, 2017
Hitomi mission glimpses cosmic 'recipe' for the nearby universe
Pasadena CA (SPX) Nov 20, 2017
Next Generation Astronomical Survey To Map The Entire Sky
Moscow (Sputnik) Nov 16, 2017
How physicists turned Antarctica into particle detector
The Last Free American Board Game
Ozone ups and downs
Paris (ESA) Nov 16, 2017
Climate scientists studying three decades of ozone measurements from seven satellites see a positive trend in global recovery thanks to international efforts to curb ozone-depleting substances. The part of Earth's atmosphere with high concentrations of ozone gas protects life on Earth from the Sun's ultraviolet radiation. However, pollutants can break down ozone, thinning this ozone layer ... more
Zurich, Switzerland (SPX) Nov 16, 2017
Mapping functional diversity of forests with remote sensing
Guildford UK (SPX) Nov 17, 2017
SSTL to build UrtheDaily Constellation for UrtheCast
Tel Aviv, Israel (SPX) Nov 17, 2017
How storms will veer in a warmer world
Unlucky dinosaurs: Scientists say asteroid had 13 percent chance of triggering extinction
Washington (UPI) Nov 9, 2017
When an asteroid came barreling into Earth some 66 million years ago, it wasn't necessarily a guarantee that life on planet Earth would be drastically altered - that 75 percent of all plant and animal species, including the dinosaurs, would disappear. According to a new study published Thursday in the journal Scientific Reports, there was just a 13 percent chance such a collision would ... more
Sendai, Japan (SPX) Nov 13, 2017
Site of asteroid impact changed the history of life
Pasadena CA (JPL) Nov 10, 2017
Dawn Explores Ceres' Interior Evolution
Greenbelt MD (SPX) Nov 06, 2017
Return of the Comet: 96P Spotted by ESA, NASA Satellites
FIREBIRD II and NASA mission locate whistling space electrons' origins
Greenbelt MD (SPX) Nov 16, 2017
Scientists have long known that solar-energized particles trapped around the planet are sometimes scattered into Earth's upper atmosphere where they can contribute to beautiful auroral displays. Yet for decades, no one has known exactly what is responsible for hurling these energetic electrons on their way. Recently, two spacecraft found themselves at just the right places at the right tim ... more
Greenbelt MD (SPX) Nov 15, 2017
Proposed NASA mission would investigate where space weather begins
Greenbelt MD (SPX) Nov 20, 2017
NASA detects solar flare pulses at Sun and Earth
Garching, Germany (SPX) Nov 14, 2017
View the 2019 solar eclipse from La Silla Observatory
China plans for nuclear-powered interplanetary capacity by 2040
Beijing (XNA) Nov 19, 2017
China is expected to achieve a "major breakthrough" in nuclear-powered space shuttles around 2040, according to a report issued by China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation on Thursday. The achievement will be able to support large-scale exploration and development of space resources, and make mining on asteroids and space solar power plants possible, said the report, which outlin ... more
Beijing (Sputnik) Nov 16, 2017
China plans first sea based launch by 2018
Beijing (XNA) Nov 02, 2017
China's reusable spacecraft to be launched in 2020
Beijing (XNA) Oct 23, 2017
Space will see Communist loyalty: Chinese astronaut
International SMR and Advanced Reactor Summit 2018 - March 27-28 - Atlanta USA
Neutron star with strong magnetic field may still launch jets
Amsterdam, Netherlands (SPX) Nov 16, 2017
An international team of astronomers led by the University of Amsterdam (The Netherlands) suspects that neutron stars with a strong magnetic field can still launch so-called jets. Since the 1980s, it was thought that strong magnetic fields inhibit the formation of these plasma streams. But observations with more advanced telescopes indicate jet-like radiation. The astronomers publish their findi ... more
Greenbelt MD (SPX) Nov 15, 2017
Hitomi mission glimpses cosmic 'recipe' for the nearby universe
Pasadena CA (SPX) Nov 20, 2017
Next Generation Astronomical Survey To Map The Entire Sky
Moscow (Sputnik) Nov 16, 2017
How physicists turned Antarctica into particle detector
High cognitive ability not a safeguard from conspiracies, paranormal beliefs
Chicago IL (SPX) Nov 16, 2017
The moon landing and global warming are hoaxes. The U.S. government had advance knowledge of the 9/11 attacks. A UFO crashed in Roswell, New Mexico. Is skepticism toward these kinds of unfounded beliefs just a matter of cognitive ability? Not according to new research by a University of Illinois at Chicago social psychologist. In an article published online and in the February 2018 i ... more
Edinburgh UK (SPX) Nov 17, 2017
Chimp study reveals how brain's structure shaped our evolution
Miami (AFP) Nov 16, 2017
Study shows video games could cut dementia risk in seniors
Geneva, Switzerland (SPX) Nov 17, 2017
Put your head inside a brain
Can a magnetic sail slow down an interstellar probe
Frankfurt, Germany (SPX) Nov 20, 2017
With a miniaturised space probe capable of being accelerated to a quarter of the speed of light, we could reach Alpha Centauri, our nearest star, in 20 to 50 years. However, without a mechanism to slow it down, the space probe could only collect data from the star and its planets as it zoomed past. A theoretical physicist at Goethe University Frankfurt has now examined whether interstellar ... more
Houston TX (SPX) Nov 15, 2017
Robotic arm reaches out and grapples Cygnus
Palo Alto CA (SPX) Nov 17, 2017
SSL Selected to Conduct Power and Propulsion Study for NASA's Deep Space Gateway Concept
New York NY (SPX) Nov 16, 2017
MDA Selects AdaCore's GNAT Pro Assurance Development Platform for ISS Software
A new timeline for glacial retreat in Western Canada
Washington DC (SPX) Nov 14, 2017
Much of western Canada was ice-free as early as 14,000 years ago, a new study reports. The results suggest that the Cordilleran Ice Sheet (CIS) retreated more than a millennium sooner than previous estimates and hold important implications for understanding climate patterns and human migration. Previous estimates suggested that the CIS covered large portions of westernmost Canada as ... more
West Lafayette IN (SPX) Nov 14, 2017
Research shows ice sheets as large as Greenland's melted fast in a warming climate
Pasadena CA (JPL) Nov 08, 2017
Hot News from the Antarctic Underground
Beijing (AFP) Nov 8, 2017
Chinese icebreaker steams for Antarctica in polar power play
Daily Newsletters - Space - Military - Environment - Energy
Why does hot water freeze faster than cold water
Madrid, Spain (SPX) Nov 20, 2017
The researchers, who have recently published the findings in Physical Review Letters, have confirmed how this phenomenon occurs in granular fluids, that is, those composed of particles that are very small and interact among those that lose part of their kinetic energy. Thanks to this theoretical characterization, "we can simulate on a computer and make analytical calculations to know how a ... more
Eugene OR (SPX) Nov 20, 2017
Colorado River's connection with the ocean was a punctuated affair
Oak Ridge TN (SPX) Nov 20, 2017
Neutrons probe oxygen-generating enzyme for a greener approach to clean water
Sao Paulo, Brazil (SPX) Nov 20, 2017
New physical model explains the origin of Earth's water
Listening for gravitational waves using pulsars
Pasadena CA (JPL) Nov 15, 2017
One of the most spectacular achievements in physics so far this century has been the observation of gravitational waves, ripples in space-time that result from masses accelerating in space. So far, there have been five detections of gravitational waves, thanks to the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) and, more recently, the European Virgo gravitational-wave detecto ... more
New York NY (SPX) Nov 14, 2017
Gravity waves from merging supermassive black holes will be found soon
Yekaterinburg, Russia (SPX) Oct 27, 2017
Russian scientists have found flaws in popular theories of gravity
Pasadena CA (JPL) Oct 30, 2017
Prolific Earth Gravity Satellites End Science Mission
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