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February 09, 2017
TIME AND SPACE
Exploring the matter that filled the early universe



Chicago IL (SPX) Feb 07, 2017
Theorists and scientists conducting experiments that recreate matter as it existed in the very early universe are gathered in Chicago this week to present and discuss their latest results. These experiments, conducted at the world's premier particle colliders - the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory, and the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at the European Center for Nuclear Research (CERN) - are revealing intriguing information about the ... read more

SOLAR SCIENCE
Friday Night's Deep Penumbral Lunar Eclipse
Lunar eclipses are enjoyable celestial events that can be seen from a wide geographic area. But we haven't experienced a total lunar blackout since September 2015, and the next one won't come until ... more
STELLAR CHEMISTRY
Scientists Estimate Solar Nebula's Lifetime
About 4.6 billion years ago, an enormous cloud of hydrogen gas and dust collapsed under its own weight, eventually flattening into a disk called the solar nebula. Most of this interstellar material ... more
TIME AND SPACE
Middleweight Black Hole Hiding in Giant Star Cluster
All known black holes fall into two categories: small, stellar-mass black holes weighing a few Suns, and supermassive black holes weighing millions or billions of Suns. Astronomers expect that inter ... more
EXO WORLDS
Santa Fe Institute researchers look for life's lower limits
When energy and nutrients abound, a bacterium will repair itself while synthesizing new parts to create a twin and then split, all as quickly as conditions allow. But if resources shrink, so does gr ... more
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MILSATCOM 2017 - 26/27 April, 2017 Colorado Springs
Human 2 Mars Conference May 9-11 2017 - Washington DC
Directed Energy And Next Generation Munitions - 26-28 June - Washington DC
27 th Space Cryogenics Workshop - July 5-7, 2017 - Oak Brook, Illinois
InterDrone 2017 Las Vegas - Sept 6-8
Tempur-Pedic Mattress Comparison & Memory Foam Mattress Review
TIME AND SPACE
Black Hole Meal Sets Record for Duration and Size
A giant black hole ripped apart a star and then gorged on its remains for about a decade, according to astronomers. This is more than 10 times longer than any observed episode of a star's death by b ... more
SOLAR SCIENCE
Eclipse 2017: NASA Supports a Unique Opportunity for Science in the Shadow
The first total solar eclipse in the continental United States in nearly 40 years takes place on Aug. 21, 2017. Beyond providing a brilliant sight in the daytime sky, total solar eclipses provide a ... more
STELLAR CHEMISTRY
Tail of stray black hole hiding in the Milky Way
It is difficult to find black holes, because they are completely black. In some cases black holes cause effects which can be seen. For example if a black hole has a companion star, gas streaming int ... more
TIME AND SPACE
Research pushes concept of entropy out of kilter
Entropy, the measure of disorder in a physical system, is something that physicists understand well when systems are at equilibrium, meaning there's no external force throwing things out of kilter. ... more
STELLAR CHEMISTRY
Tracing the Cosmic Web with Remote Star-Forming Galaxies
A research group led by Hiroshima University has revealed a picture of the increasing fraction of massive star-forming galaxies in the distant universe. Massive star-forming galaxies in the distant ... more
STELLAR CHEMISTRY
Mind the Gap: Rapid Burster behaviour explained
Scientists observing a curious neutron star in a binary system known as the 'Rapid Burster' may have solved a forty-year-old mystery surrounding its puzzling X-ray bursts. They discovered that its m ... more


NASA Scientist Studies Whether Solar Storms Cause Animal Beachings

OUTER PLANETS
It's Never 'Groundhog Day' at Jupiter
NASA's Juno spacecraft will make its fourth flyby over Jupiter's mysterious cloud tops on Thursday, Feb. 2, at 4:57 a.m. PST (7:57 a.m. EST, 12:57 UTC). At the time of closest approach (called ... more
MOON DAILY
Complete Lunar-cy: The Earth Has Sprayed the Moon With Oxygen for Billennia
The Moon may be peppered with oxygen transmitted by life on Earth, according to a scientific study, opening up the possibility that the Earth's atmosphere of billions of years ago may be preserved o ... more
TECH SPACE
Japan's troubled 'space junk' mission fails
An experimental Japanese mission to clear 'space junk' or rubbish from the Earth's orbit has ended in failure, officials said Monday, in an embarassment for Tokyo. ... more
TECH SPACE
Anatomy of a debris incident
A space debris avoidance manoeuvre planned for ESA's Swarm mission proved unnecessary last week, but the close encounter highlighted the growing risk from space debris. It's an increasingly common o ... more

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New Horizons Refines Course for Next Flyby
NASA's New Horizons spacecraft completed a short propulsive maneuver Wednesday to refine its track toward a New Year's Day 2019 flyby past 2014 MU69, a Kuiper Belt object (KBO) some 4 billion miles (6.4 billion kilometers) from Earth. Telemetry confirming that the engine burn went as planned reached the New Horizons mission operations center at the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory ... more
It's Never 'Groundhog Day' at Jupiter

Public to Choose Jupiter Picture Sites for NASA Juno

Experiment resolves mystery about wind flows on Jupiter

First Light for Breakthrough Listen at Parkes Telescope
Breakthrough Listen, the 10-year, $100-million astronomical search for intelligent life beyond Earth launched in 2015 by Internet entrepreneur Yuri Milner and Stephen Hawking, has announced its first observations using the Parkes Radio Telescope in New South Wales, Australia. Parkes joins the Green Bank Telescope (GBT) in West Virginia, USA, and the Automated Planet Finder (APF) at Lick Ob ... more
Search for ET underway with Parkes Radio Telescope

Breakthrough Listen to Search for Intelligent Life Around Tabby's Star

New bacteria groups, and stunning diversity, discovered underground

Santa Fe Institute researchers look for life's lower limits
When energy and nutrients abound, a bacterium will repair itself while synthesizing new parts to create a twin and then split, all as quickly as conditions allow. But if resources shrink, so does growth rate. The cell responds by shunting its dwindling supplies from replication to repair, shutting down processes until it's running a skeleton crew to survive. Below a crucial level, it's all over. ... more
Dedicated Planet Imager Opens Its Eyes to Other Worlds

New planet imager delivers first science at Keck

First footage of a living stylodactylid shrimp filter-feeding at depth of 4826m

UAE Aims to Launch Its First Ever Mars Mission in 2020
The United Arab Emirates has set an ambitious goal of sending nation's first mission to Mars in 2020, launching its unmanned orbiter from Japan's space center. The unmanned orbiter Hope, designed by the United Arab Emirates' (UAE) Space Agency, will be sent to Mars in July 2020 from Japan, becoming the first mission to Mars from an Arab country, Yuichi Yamaura, Vice President of Japan Aero ... more
Opportunity Takes Advantage of her Location to do a Mini Science Campaign

Swirling spirals at the north pole of Mars

Curiosity rover sharpens paradox of ancient Mars

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Complete Lunar-cy: The Earth Has Sprayed the Moon With Oxygen for Billennia
The Moon may be peppered with oxygen transmitted by life on Earth, according to a scientific study, opening up the possibility that the Earth's atmosphere of billions of years ago may be preserved on the present-day lunar surface. It has long been speculated that the Moon has been intermittently sprayed with the Earth's oxygen, with some researchers suggesting the nitrogen and noble gases ... more
Private Space Race Heats Up, Moon Landing Expected in Late 2017

LunaH-Map CubeSat to map the Moon's water deposits

India, Israel among five teams fighting for first private Moon landing

Tracing the Cosmic Web with Remote Star-Forming Galaxies
A research group led by Hiroshima University has revealed a picture of the increasing fraction of massive star-forming galaxies in the distant universe. Massive star-forming galaxies in the distant universe, about 5 billion years ago, trace large-scale structure in the universe. In the nearby universe, about 3 billion years ago, massive star-forming galaxies are not apparent. This change in the ... more
Mind the Gap: Rapid Burster behaviour explained

NASA Advances First-Ever Silicon-Based X-ray Optic

Scientists Estimate Solar Nebula's Lifetime

Mobile phone and satellite data to map poverty
An international team has, for the first time, developed a way of combining anonymised data from mobile phones and satellite imagery data to create high resolution maps to measure poverty. The researchers, led by WorldPop at the University of Southampton and the Flowminder Foundation, have worked with Telenor Research and mobile phone company Grameenphone to examine rates of poverty and it ... more
NASA Taking Stock of Phytoplankton Populations in the Pacific

Why the Earth's magnetic poles could be about to swap places

An application of astronomy to save endangered species

New research shows Ceres may have vanishing ice volcanoes
A recently discovered solitary ice volcano on the dwarf planet Ceres may have some hidden older siblings, say scientists who have tested a likely way such mountains of icy rock - called cryovolcanoes - might disappear over millions of years. NASA's Dawn spacecraft discovered Ceres's 4-kilometer (2.5-mile) tall Ahuna Mons cryovolcano in 2015. Other icy worlds in our solar system, like Pluto ... more
Earth Narrowly Dodges Three Large Asteroids

Objective: To deflect asteroids, thus preventing their collision with Earth

Gaia turns its eyes to asteroid hunting

MILSATCOM 2017 - 26/27 April, 2017 Colorado Springs
Friday Night's Deep Penumbral Lunar Eclipse
Lunar eclipses are enjoyable celestial events that can be seen from a wide geographic area. But we haven't experienced a total lunar blackout since September 2015, and the next one won't come until January 31, 2018. In the meantime, skygazers can enjoy a special kind of lunar eclipse taking place on Friday night, February 10th. Instead of plunging into the dark inner core of Earth's shadow (call ... more
NASA Scientist Studies Whether Solar Storms Cause Animal Beachings

Eclipse 2017: NASA Supports a Unique Opportunity for Science in the Shadow

New space weather model helps simulate magnetic structure of solar storms

China looks to Mars, Jupiter exploration
China's plans for deep-space exploration included two Mars missions and one Jupiter probe. China plans its first Mars probe by 2020, said Wu Yanhua, vice director of the China National Space Administration. A second Mars probe will bring back samples and conduct research on the planet's structure, composition and environment, Wu said. Also on the agenda are an asteroid explorat ... more
China's first cargo spacecraft to leave factory

China launches commercial rocket mission Kuaizhou-1A

China Space Plan to Develop "Strength and Size"

Human 2 Mars Conference May 9-11 2017 - Washington DC
Tracing the Cosmic Web with Remote Star-Forming Galaxies
A research group led by Hiroshima University has revealed a picture of the increasing fraction of massive star-forming galaxies in the distant universe. Massive star-forming galaxies in the distant universe, about 5 billion years ago, trace large-scale structure in the universe. In the nearby universe, about 3 billion years ago, massive star-forming galaxies are not apparent. This change in the ... more
Mind the Gap: Rapid Burster behaviour explained

NASA Advances First-Ever Silicon-Based X-ray Optic

Scientists Estimate Solar Nebula's Lifetime

Baltic hunter-gatherers began farming without influence of migration
New research indicates that Baltic hunter-gatherers were not swamped by migrations of early agriculturalists from the Middle East, as was the case for the rest of central and western Europe. Instead, these people probably acquired knowledge of farming and ceramics by sharing cultures and ideas - rather than genes - with outside communities. Scientists extracted ancient DNA from a number of ... more
Brain-computer interface allows completely locked-in people to communicate

Study finds genetic continuity between modern East Asia people and their Stone Age relatives

Girls less likely to associate 'brilliance' with their own gender

InterDrone 2017 Las Vegas - Sept 6-8
A new recruit for ESA's astronaut corps
Matthias Maurer, from Germany, has started his astronaut training as part of ESA's astronaut corps. Matthias was among the 10 finalists in 2009 selection, and is now undergoing basic training at the European Astronaut Centre in Cologne, Germany. ESA astronaut Thomas Pesquet is on the International Space Station and all the original class of 2009 have now flown in space. Matthias Maurer's n ... more
The Outer Space Treaty has been remarkably successful - but is it fit for the modern age?

Full Braking at Alpha Centauri

New Era of Space Travel: Private Station May Replace ISS by Late 2020

Study shows planet's atmospheric oxygen rose through glaciers
A University of Wyoming researcher contributed to a paper that determined a "Snowball Earth" event actually took place 100 million years earlier than previously projected, and a rise in the planet's oxidation resulted from a number of different continents - including what is now Wyoming - that were once connected. "Isotopic dating of the Ongeluk large igneous province, South Africa, reveal ... more
Study shows planet's atmospheric oxygen rose through glaciers

Coal mine dust lowers spectral reflectance of Arctic snow by up to 84 percent

Scientists unravel the process of meltwater in ocean depths

Controlling electron spin makes water splitting more efficient
One of the main obstacles in the production of hydrogen through water splitting is that hydrogen peroxide is also formed, which affects the efficiency stability of the reaction and the stability of the production. Dutch and Israelian researchers from Eindhoven University of Technology and the Weizmann Institute have succeeded in controlling the spin of electrons in the reaction and thereby almos ... more
Scientists find huge ancient landslide on Great Barrier Reef

Size matters for marine protected areas designed to aid coral

Great Barrier Reef building coral under threat from poisonous seaweed

Cosmologists a step closer to understanding quantum gravity
Cosmologists trying to understand how to unite the two pillars of modern science - quantum physics and gravity - have found a new way to make robust predictions about the effect of quantum fluctuations on primordial density waves, ripples in the fabric of space and time. Researchers from the University of Portsmouth have revealed quantum imprints left on cosmological structures in the very ... more
China to set up gravitational wave telescopes in Tibet

MIT researchers reveal new technique for measuring gravity

A population of neutron stars can generate gravitational waves continuously



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